Glossary

 

address validation

The verification and correction of postal addresses to help ensure parcels are rated accurately and delivered on time. See Address Validation.

API environments

The APIs provide a Production environment and a separate Sandbox environment. See API Environments.

APO

Army Post Office. See also DPO and FPO. For APO cutoff times, see the Cutoff Times FAQ. For customs requirements, see the Domestic Customs Form FAQ.

APV

Automated Package Verification. APV is a USPS® program that verifies that postage is accurate and applies adjustments if necessary. See USPS Automated Package Verification.

auto refill

Automatic replenishment of a PB Postage Account by a pre-defined amount whenever the balance falls below a pre-defined threshold. See When does auto refill trigger?

base URL

The common prefix in the URLs for the PB Shipping API operations. The Sandbox and Production environments have different base URLs. See API Environments.

CBDS

See Cross-Border Delivery Service.

CN22

Also called CN 22, this is a single-ply customs form that can be attached directly to a parcel. See the table in this FAQ.

Consolidation Center

Merchants who use Cross-Border Delivery Service ship their parcels to Consolidation Centers where Pitney Bowes ensures compliance before shipping the parcels to their international destination. For a list of centers, see CBDS Consolidation Centers.

CP72

Also called CP 72, this is either a multi-ply or single-ply customs form, depending on the destination. See the table in this FAQ.

Cross-Border Delivery Service

The PB Cross-Border Delivery Service (CBDS) ships parcels to international destinations and ensures parcels comply with international regulations. See CBDS Overview and Create a CBDS shipment.

cubic pricing

Rates based on parcel size and shipping distance instead of on parcel weight. See What is USPS cubic pricing?

delivery line

The portion of the address that includes any of the following: street name, street number, apartment number, PO BOX, secondary address, urbanization name. This is also called the delivery address line.

delivery point

A 2-digit number used by USPS in combination with the 9-digit ZIP code to identify a deliverable address. You can find more information on delivery points at the Wikipedia Delivery Point page.

developer

Owner of an account that give access to the PB Shipping APIs. See Developer Account.

dimensional (DIM) weight pricing

Applies to parcels that are large and relatively light for their sizes. Rates are based on volume and a volumetric divisor. See What is USPS dimensional weight pricing?

DPO

Diplomatic Post Office. See also APO and FPO. For DPO cutoff times, see the Cutoff Times FAQ. For customs requirements, see the Domestic Customs Form FAQ.

FPO

Fleet Post Office. See also APO and DPO. For FPO cutoff times, see the Cutoff Times FAQ. For customs requirements, see the Domestic Customs Form FAQ.

Harmonized System code

A tariff-classification number for a commodity based on the six-digit Harmonized System (HS). Most countries use the six-digit HS codes as the basis for their tariff classifications and add additional digits for more detail. To retrieve a predicted HS code, use the Predict HS Code API.

HS code

See Harmonized System code.

IMb

Intelligent Mail barcode. A barcode used by USPS to sort and track letters and flats. See What is an IMb?

IMpb

Intelligent Mail package barcode. A barcode used by USPS to track a parcel. See What is an IMpb?

Importation costs

For a CBDS Shipment, the duties and taxes charged at a destination country’s border. Importation costs might also include a disbursement fee. See How does CBDS issue invoices?

induction postal code

The postal code where a shipment or shipments are tendered to a carrier. This can be different from the Sender’s address.

last line

The city, state, and postal code portion of an address.

manifest

An end-of-day document that combines all the days shipments on a single form or electronic record, depending on the carrier. See Create a Manifest.

merchant

A shipper within the Pitney Bowes system. When you print a label through the PB Shipping APIs, you do so on behalf of a merchant. See Merchant Accounts.

military addresses

See APO, DPO, and FPO.

OAuth

A standard for token-based authentication and authorization. The PB Shipping APIs use OAuth to identify and authenticate the developer account making an API request. See Generate an OAuth Token.

PB Expedited

Provides domestic and international shipping through USPS®. See PB Expedited Sevices. See also Create a Delivery Label, Create a PB Expedited Returns Label, and the Delivery FAQs and Returns FAQs.

PB Postage Account

The account used to pay shipping costs. Both developers and merchants can have PB Postage Accounts. A merchant will have a PB Postage Account if paying for postage directly, as described in Merchant Accounts. For FAQs on PB Postage Accounts, see Payments FAQs.

PB Standard

Provides postpaid shipping for deliveries and returns. See PB Standard Sevices. See also Create a Delivery Label, Create a PB Standard Returns Label, and the Delivery FAQs and Returns FAQs.

PB Standard Facilities

Hubs used when shipping with PB Standard. For a list of hubs, see PB Standard Facilities.

PB Standard IDs

Identifiers used when shipping with PB Standard to specify the merchant and shipment facilities. See PB Standard IDs.

Production environment

Prints labels for real-world shipments. See API Environments and Production Environment.

QR code

A two-dimensional barcode used to print a shipping label. See QR Code.

refill

Adding funds to a PB Postage Account through either the Refill API or the Merchant Portal. See How do I fill my PB Postage Account with funds?

Sandbox environment

Prints test labels. See API Environments and Sandbox Environment.

soft pack

A flexible package that adheres and conforms to the item being packaged. See How are rates calculated for USPS soft packs?

transportation cost

For a CBDS Shipment, the international shipping charges and any accessorial charges. See How does CBDS issue invoices?